Every year, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announces funding opportunities for fundamental research that helps to transform understanding of nature and advances the energy, economic, and national security of the United States.
The Atmospheric System Research (ASR) program, within DOE’s Office of Science, recently recommended 24 proposals submitted to Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0002034. The FOA invited applications for grant research aligned with ASR’s goal improving understanding of key cloud, aerosol, precipitation, and radiation processes that affect the Earth’s radiative balance and hydrological cycle, especially processes that limit the predictive ability of regional and global models.
Three review sub-panels evaluated 94 single and collaborative proposals submitted to the funding opportunity announcement’s four topics: aerosol processes at ARM sites, warm boundary-layer atmospheric processes, convective cloud processes, and Southern Ocean cloud and aerosol processes.
“I thank everyone who submitted proposals, and I also want to acknowledge the hard work of 49 members of the scientific community who reviewed the proposals,” says ASR Program Manager Shaima Nasiri. “They each contributed significant time and expertise to an exhaustive peer-review process.”
ASR awardees receive funding from the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), which focuses on understanding complex biological, climatic, and environmental systems for a secure and sustainable future. Once Fiscal Year 2019 funding awards are finalized, principal investigators, project titles, abstracts, and team members will be added to the ASR projects web page.
Following are the 27 principal investigators and their 24 recommended projects:
- Christopher Bretherton, University of Washington – Are Marine Low Cloud Droplet Concentrations Buffered by Entrained Aitken-Mode Aerosol
- Eleanor Browne, University of Colorado – Constraining the Chemistry of Particle Formation and Growth in the Southern Great Plains
- Christopher Cappa, University of California-Davis – Characterizing the Impact of Water Uptake on Light Absorption by Aerosol Particles
- Gregory Elsaesser, Columbia University and Wei-Kuo Tao, NASA – Goddard Space Flight Center – Collaborative Proposal: Advancing Understanding of Deep Convective Anvil Clouds
- Delphine Farmer, Colorado State University – Size-Resolved Particle and Black Carbon Deposition Over the Cryosphere
- Qiang Fu, University of Washington – Direct Radiative Effects of Aerosols at the ARM SGP and TWP Sites
- Andrew Gettelman, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) – Freezing Processes in Southern Ocean Mixed Phased Clouds
- Allen Goldstein, University of California-Berkeley – Advancing Molecular Level Understanding of Aerosol Processes in the Amazon and Integration with Modeling
- Wojciech Grabowski, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) – From Clouds to Precipitation: Multiscale Dynamics Microphysics Interactions in Cumulus Clouds
- Daniel Kirshbaum, McGill University – Shallow Cumulus Entrainment: Observational Retrieval, Physical Interpretation, and Climate Impacts
- Steven Krueger, University of Utah – Using ARM Data to Retrieve Entrainment Rates in Stratocumulus Cloud Systems
- Vincent Larson, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – Turbulent Processes that Influence Boundary-Layer Cloud Structure
- Hugh Morrison, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and John Peters, Naval Postgraduate School – Collaborative Proposal: Improving Understanding of the Internal Structure and Dynamics of Deep Convection Using ARM Observations and Large Eddy Simulations
- Andreas Prein, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) – Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Process-Interactions in MCS Simulations Across Scales
- Michal Segal Rozenhaimer, Tel Aviv University – Assessing the Link Between Aerosol Mixing State, Structure and Composition and their Optical Properties: Ascension Island as a Testbed for the South-East Atlantic Aerosol
- Naoko Sakaeda, University of Oklahoma – Assessment of Cloud Development and Organization Processes within the Madden-Julian Oscillation using ARM Observations and Lagrangian Modeling
- Courtney Schumacher, Texas A&M University – Organized Convection and Parameterized Versus Large-scale Physics in Global Earth System Models
- Raymond Shaw, Michigan Technological University – Entrainment and Aerosol Effects on Marine Boundary-Layer Clouds: An Investigation Using ACE-ENA Data From HOLODEC, G1, Pico and ACTOS
- David Turner, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Timothy Wagner, University of Wisconsin-Madison– Collaborative Proposal: Characterizing Land-Atmosphere Interactions During the Afternoon-to-Evening Transition Using ARM SGP Observations
- Mikael Witte, University of California-Los Angeles – Evaluation of Boundary Layer Cloud Processes in an Advanced Parameterization for Global Models
- Jian Wang, Washington University in St. Louis – Properties and Controlling Processes of Aerosol and Cloud Condensation Nuclei in Marine Boundary Layer Over Eastern North Atlantic
- Zhien Wang, University of Colorado – Understanding Processes Controlling the Temporal and Spatial Variations of PBL Structures Over the ARM SGP Site
- Zhibo Zhang, University of Maryland-Baltimore County – Characterizing the Variation and Covariation of Cloud Microphysical Properties and Implications for Simulation of Subgrid-Scale Warm-Rain Processes in Earth System
- Edward Zipser, University of Utah – Interactions Between Aerosols, Meteorology, and Early Convective Cloud Lifecycle as Measured During CACTI
# # #
This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research as part of the Atmospheric System Research Program.