Empirical relation predicts significant enhanced absorption by black carbon in wildfire smoke



Dubey, Manvendra K. — Los Alamos National Laboratory

Area of research

Aerosol Properties

Journal Reference

Lee J, K Gorkowski, A Meyer, K Benedict, A Aiken, and M Dubey. 2022. "Wildfire Smoke Demonstrates Significant and Predictable Black Carbon Light Absorption Enhancements." Geophysical Research Letters, 49(14), e2022GL099334, 10.1029/2022GL099334.


Climate models assume large black carbon (BC) absorption enhancements (Eabs) due to organic coatings. We evaluate Eabs with field observations of wildfire smoke to make more robust estimates of the climate forcing.


We constructed an empirical relationship between absorption by BC and its mixing with organics and other species on aging. We found significant radiative forcing by BC from wildfire smoke that is currently biased high. Our function can be used to accurately estimate wildfire smoke BC radiative forcing in climate models.


We observed single-particle BC mass and coating (SP2) on 21 fresh to aged smoke plumes to compare with independently measures absorption. Absorption enhancement (Eabs) increased with coating thickness and agrees with our particle absorption model. Coatings were related to smoke age. Eabs was found to be significant, but less than predicted in current models. We constructed an empirical fit to reliably predict Eabs from coating thickness in the U.S. Department of Energy's earth system model (E3SM/MAM4).